What Moves the Currency Market?

The Forex Market trades $3.2 trillion dollars in volume each day. This fact alone shows the liquidity in this market and there are always buyers and sellers in the market 24 hours a day, 6 days a week. There are four major sessions in the U.S., Asian, European and London markets.

Who are the participants? Central Banks i.e. Fed’s, BOJ, ECB, BOE, and other countries; Large Institutions/Corporations, Bond Market (treasuries), Private Equity, Hedge Funds, Large Sovereign Buyers, Banks/Remittance, Clearing Houses, and Retailers.

In the U.S., the economic indicators are signals for the health of the economy. They show the signs of inflationary or deflationary market sentiment. Inflation is good for the economy and show signs of a stronger dollar. Deflation is a negative sentiment for the economy and show signs of a weaker dollar. These are the basic fundamentals for a strong or weak dollar in the U.S. compared to other countries and their fundamental analysis.

The market sentiment is the fundamental analysis i.e. economic indicators being released during each sessions and then being measured by the weakness or the strength of the actual number forecasted by the previous number. The market conditions are the volume pressures of buyers/sellers moving the trend in one market direction.

Majority of the currencies are against the U.S. dollar either indirect or direct with the dollar. So in conclusion what moves the currency market is the relative strength or weakness on the fundamental news. This will move the currency market and the volume pressures of buyers/sellers will move the currency market also.